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Lori Vallow Daybell's DNA matches hair found on adhesive, analyst says

A DNA analyst said a hair strand on adhesive she received from police matched Lori Vallow.

BOISE, Idaho — The trial of Lori Vallow, or Lori Vallow Daybell, is in now into its fourth week of testimony on Monday -- it began with a DNA analyst from Bode Technology, who said she discovered hair found an adhesive that matched Lori Vallow's DNA profile.

An Idaho State Police forensic analyst said on the stand last week that she sent a strand of hair that was found on the duct tape around JJ Vallow's body to another lab.

Lori Vallow is charged with first-degree murder, conspiracy to commit murder, and grand theft in connection to the deaths of two of her children, JJ Vallow and Tylee Ryan, and the death of her current husband's late wife, Tammy Daybell.

If convicted, Lori Vallow could face up to life in prison.

On Friday, jurors heard more about the death of Tammy Daybell, including a 911 call from her son and husband on Oct. 19, 2019.

Cameras are not allowed in the courtroom, but investigative and courts reporter Alexandra Duggan was there:

Live updates

Tammy Daybell's autopsy shows "restraint"

3:15 p.m.: Christensen said he thinks Tammy Daybell's time of death could have been a couple hours before it was reported to law enforcement, meaning sometime before 5:45 a.m., based on the description of her body when it was found -- stiff and cold.

Court adjourns for the day.

3:00 p.m.: Christensen observes a diagram of Tammy Daybell's body. He marks three areas on the upper right arm where bruises were found -- he also points out a spot on her lower right arm, her chest and left arm where more bruising was found. Photos of the bruises on Tammy Daybell's body are shown to the jury.

Christensen took tissue samples of the hemorrhaging on her body. He said those bruises likely happened in the hours before her death, or around the time of death. The bruising was classified as an acute injury, meaning it happened very suddenly.

2:40 p.m.: Christensen said Tammy Daybell's lungs had frothy, dried foam in the airways. This matches what was found on her face when she was found dead in her room on Oct. 19, 2019.

Her original cause of death was listed as a pulmonary edema, but Christensen said this wouldn't be a cause of death, it would be a result of asphyxia or heart failure. 

2:00 p.m.: Christensen said they looked at an extensive array of chemicals or medications and found no indication of anything in Tammy Daybell's system besides medicine she had been taking to treat depression, which didn't play a role in her death.

Christensen said there was bruising on her chest and arms that "are consistent with someone being restrained" and "consistent with asphyxia as the cause of death" along with homicide as the manner of death.

Christensen conducted a toxicology report, and it was one of the most extensive ones he's been apart of in his career, he said. Nothing came back positive. Nothing stood out as a part of that report, Christensen told the jury.

1:52 p.m.: Tammy Daybell's cause of death was asphyxia, Christensen ruled.

Asphyxia is a very broad category, he said. It's a broad term to apply to cases where someone is unable to get sufficient oxygen.

Christensen said in Tammy Daybell's case, there is nothing to conclude she died from anything else. He said in some cases like this, death can happen due to seizures, and Chad Daybell previously told the Idaho coroners she was experiencing seizures before her death -- but Tammy Daybell had no medical diagnosis for them, and it would be rare for her to suddenly develop them out of the blue, Christensen said. 

1:50 p.m.: Christensen describes how an autopsy is conducted -- a complete documentation of the body with an external exam, take photos with and without clothing, collect trace evidence, open the body up and observe the organs, tissue, brain, etc, conduct a toxicology report and take x-rays.

1:35 p.m.: Dr. Erik Christensen, the chief medical examiner for the state of Utah, is called to the stand.

He said he's conducted around 7,200 autopsies in his career. Christensen was the medical examiner that conducted Tammy Daybell's autopsy when her body was exhumed in December of 2019. He was present during the exhumation and the movement of the casket when her body arrived at his office.

"Out of 7,200 autopsies an exhumation is not a common occurrence," Christensen said.

Data tracks Alex Cox's phone

1:20 p.m.: Alex Cox spent 17 minutes on Chad Daybell's property when JJ Vallow was presumed to have been killed and then buried there.

John Thomas, Lori Vallow's defense attorney, asked Wright if 17 minutes would be enough time to dig a grave and then re-bury it. Wright says no, but later admits that it could have been more than one person who dug the grave.

11:45 a.m.: When Tammy Daybell was shot at with a suspected paintball gun on Oct. 9, 2019, Alex Cox's device is seen leaving Sportsman's Warehouse and driving to the Daybell residence. It then leaves and returns to Cox's apartment a little after 5 p.m.

11:30 a.m.: Alex Cox's device was at Sportsman's Warehouse on the day Tammy Daybell was shot at with a suspected paintball gun. Cox's device also was traced to multiple gun ranges throughout the beginning of October 2019. 

Wright testified to some receipts belonging to Cox from Sportsman's Warehouse -- he bought rain pants, a beanie, a ski mask and some gloves.

10:50 a.m.: Wright said the day after JJ Vallow was last seen, Alex Cox's device went back and forth between his apartment and Lori Vallow's apartment.

On Sept 23, 2019, Cox's device once again travels to Chad Daybell's home and arrives at around 9:55 a.m. The device shows the location as being near a pond area, which was close to where JJ Vallow was buried.

The device leaves and arrives at Lori Vallow's apartment at 10:22 a.m. It stays there until 11:14 a.m.

10:32 a.m.: Wright believes Tylee Ryan returned to Lori Vallow's apartment in Rexburg on Sept. 8, 2019, after a trip to Yellowstone, based on cell phone data from Alex Cox, Lori Vallow's brother. This trip was where the last known photo of Tylee Ryan was taken, and the last confirmed sighting of her.

On Sept. 9, 2019, Alex Cox's device was tracked at Lori Vallow's apartment in the early hours of the morning.

It ends up going back to his apartment and then leaving around 9 a.m. It is tracked heading to Chad Daybell's residence, where the device arrived around 15 minutes later.

His device is tracked behind the house, moves northwest towards the gate on the property and is behind the residence again at around 10:57 a.m. 

JJ Vallow and Tylee Ryan were both later found in this area. Tylee Ryan is believed to have been killed some time on Sept. 8 or 9 of 2019.

By 11:45 a.m. the device is shown traveling south back to the apartments in Rexburg. Wright said the device stopped at a Del Taco on the way.

Just ten minutes later at 11:55 a.m., Chad Daybell texts his wife Tammy Daybell that he was burning limbs in the fire pit, that he shot a raccoon in the yard and was going to be burying it in their pet cemetery -- where Tylee Ryan's body was discovered.

"This is a flag for us," Wright said.

10:00 a.m.: The state calls Rick Wright, a contract investigator with the FBI. He specializes in violent crimes against children.

On Nov. 27, 2019, Wright got involved in the search for missing Tylee Ryan and JJ Vallow because the two vanished "under suspicious circumstances," he said.

Wright met with Ian Pawlowski, who is the newest husband of Melani Pawlowski. Melani Pawlowski is Lori Vallow's niece. The FBI asked Ian Pawlowski to record conversations between him and his wife as well as Lori Vallow, Alex Cox and Chad Daybell.

DNA partially matches Lori Vallow

8:45 a.m.: Keeley Coleman, a DNA analyst for Bode Technology, is called to the stand. 

Bode Technology received evidence from police in Rexburg in May of 2022. Coleman had three DNA profiles from Lori Vallow, Melanie Gibb and Tylee Ryan. She also received a piece of hair from an "adhesive." 

The hair sample matched Lori Vallow, Coleman said.

An Idaho State Police forensic analyst said on the stand last week that she sent a strand of hair that was found on the duct tape around JJ Vallow's body to another lab.

The sample Coleman received was a partial sample with missing alleles. But, Coleman said the probability of randomly selecting a random individual in relation to the DNA profile "is one in 71 billion," meaning there is little likelihood of the hair belonging to anyone else.

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